Birds Of Massachusetts
Arrival Dates
Returning Birds By Month & Week

italics = non-breeding species
March – AprilMayJune – JulyAugust – SeptemberOctober – NovemberPermanent Residents



3B 3C 3D
American Wigeon 3A-5B Pied-billed Grebe 3B-12B Snow Goose 3C-5B Double-crested Cormorant 3D-11B
Northern Pintail 3A-12B Great Blue Heron 3B-12B Gadwall 3C-11C Black-crowned Night Heron 3D-10B
Green-winged Teal 3A-12B Turkey Vulture 3B-11B Northern Shoveler 3C-5D Blue-winged Teal 3D-11B
American Woodcock 3A-11B Tundra Swan 3B-4A Piping Plover 3C-9C Osprey 3D-10D
Fox Sparrow 3A-4D Wood Duck 3B-11D Greater Yellowlegs 3C-6A American Oystercatcher 3D-10C
Red-winged Blackbird 3A-11B Peregrine Falcon 3B-5C Loggerhead Shrike 3C-4D Common Snipe 3D-5C
Common Grackle 3A-11B Killdeer 3B-12A Tree Swallow 3C-10D American Pipit 3D-5C
  Eastern Phoebe 3B-10C    
  Rusty Blackbird 3B-5A    
  Brown-headed Cowbird 3B-11D  

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4A 4B 4C 4D
Great Egret 4A-10D American Bittern 4B-11B Tricolored Heron 4C-9D Solitary Sandpiper 4D-5C
Snowy Egret 4A-10C Little Blue Heron 4B-9D Green Heron 4C-10C Spotted Sandpiper 4D-9D
Sharp-shinned Hawk 4A-5B Cattle Egret 4B-10D Sora 4C-10C Caspian Tern 4D-5B
American Golden Plover 4A-5C Glossy Ibis 4B-9C Black-bellied Plover 4C-6B Whip-poor-will 4D-9D
Bonaparte’s Gull 4A-6B Virginia Rail 4B-10C Willet 4C-10C Least Flycatcher 4D-9C
Winter Wren 4A-12C Common Moorhen 4B-10B Upland Sandpiper 4C-9C Great Crested Flycatcher 4D-9C
Ruby-crowned Kinglet 4A-5C Lesser Yellowlegs 4B-5C Least Sandpiper 4C-6A Eastern Kingbird 4D-9C
Pine Warbler 4A-12A Pectoral Sandpiper 4B-5C Red Phalarope 4C-5D Wood Thrush 4D-9D
Palm Warbler 4A-5B Ruff 4B-5C Laughing Gull 4C-11D Gray Catbird 4D-12C
Field Sparrow 4A-11D Yellow-bellied Sapsucker 4B-10B Little Gull 4C-6A Northern Parula 4D-6A
Vesper Sparrow 4A-11D Blue-headed Vireo 4B-10B Chimney Swift 4C-10A Yellow Warbler 4D-10A
Swamp Sparrow 4A-11D Purple Martin 4B-9A Bank Swallow 4C-9B Black-throated Green Warbler 4D-10D
Yellow-headed Blackbird 4A-5C No. Rough-winged Swallow 4B-9D Cliff Swallow 4C-9B Blackburnian Warbler 4D-9D
  Barn Swallow 4B-10C House Wren 4C-10D Yellow-throated Warbler 4D-5C
  Hermit Thrush 4B-12C Marsh Wren 4C-10D Black & white Warbler 4D-9D
  Chipping Sparrow 4B-10D Blue-gray Gnatcatcher 4C-9D Northern Waterthrush 4D-9D
  Blue Grosbeak 4B-5B Brown Thrasher 4C-10C Eastern Towhee 4D-10D
    Prothonotary Warbler 4C-5C  
    Louisiana Waterthrush 4C-8B  
    Broad-winged Hawk 4C-9D  
    Summer Tanager 4C-5C

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5A 5B 5C 5D
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron 5A-9C Manx Shearwater 5B-11C Sooty Shearwater 5C-10C Greater Shearwater 5D-11C
Black Vulture 5A-9B Wilson’s Storm-Petrel 5B-9B Whimbrel 5B-6B Acadian Flycatcher 5D-8D
Clapper Rail 5A-12D Leach’s Storm-Petrel 5B-11C Red Knot 5C-6A  
Short-billed Dowitcher 5A-6B Least Bittern 5B-8D Pomarine Jaeger 5C-5D  
Red-necked Phalarope 5A-5D Semipalmated Plover 5B-6B Parasitic Jaeger 5C-5D  
Roseate Tern 5A-9D Ruddy Turnstone 5B-6A Sabine’s Gull 5C-5D  
Common Tern 5A-11C Semipalmated Sandpiper 5B-6B Black Tern 5C-6B  
Least Tern 5A-9B White-rumped Sandpiper 5B-6B Black Skimmer 5C-9C  
Ruby-throated Hummingbird 5A-9C Wilson’s Phalarope 5B-9D Black-billed Cuckoo 5C-10B  
White-eyed Vireo 5A-9D Arctic Tern 5B-8C Yellow-billed Cuckoo 5C-10B  
Warbling Vireo 5A-9B Chuck-will’s-widow 5B-9C Common Nighthawk 5C-9C  
Veery 5A-9C Yellow-throated Vireo 5B-9C Olive-sided Flycatcher 5C-9B  
Tennessee Warbler 5A-6A Red-eyed Vireo 5B-10B Eastern Wood-Pewee 5C-10A  
Orange-crowned Warbler 5A-5D Sedge Wren 5B-10C Yellow-bellied Flycatcher 5C-6B  
Nashville Warbler 5A-10C Gray-cheeked Thrush 5B-10A Alder Flycatcher 5C-9B  
Chestnut-sided Warbler 5A-9D Bicknell’s Thrush 5B-10A Willow Flycatcher 5C-9B  
Magnolia Warbler 5A-10D Swainson’s Thrush 5B-10A Philadelphia Vireo 5C-5D  
Black-throated Blue Warbler 5A-10B Blue-winged Warbler 5B-9C Mourning Warbler 5C-10A  
Prairie Warbler 5A-10A Golden-winged Warbler 5B-9A Yellow-breasted Chat 5C-6A  
American Redstart 5A-10B Cape May Warbler 5B-5D Indigo Bunting 5C-10B  
Ovenbird 5A-10A Bay-breasted Warbler 5B-6A    
Kentucky Warbler 5A-5D Blackpoll Warbler 5B-10D    
Common Yellowthroat 5A-11A Cerulean Warbler 5B-9C    
White-crowned Sparrow 5A-5C Worm-eating Warbler 5B-9C    
Rose-breasted Grosbeak 5A-10D Hooded Warbler 5B-9D    
Bobolink 5A-10A Wilson’s Warbler 5B-5D    
Orchard Oriole 5A-8B Canada Warbler 5B-9C    
Baltimore Oriole 5A-10B Scarlet Tanager 5B-10B    
  Grasshopper Sparrow 5B-10D    
  Nelson’s Sharp-tailed Sparrow
  Saltmarsh Sharp-tailed Sparrow 5B-11D    
  Seaside Sparrow 5B-10C    
  Lincoln’s Sparrow 5B-5D  

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6A 6B 6C 6D
Royal Tern 6D-9A


7A 7B 7C 7D
Black-bellied Plover 7A-12A Cory’s Shearwater 7B-11B Audubon’s Shearwater 7C-9C Long-billed Dowitcher 7D-11B
Lesser Yellowlegs 7A-10C Greater Yellowlegs 7B-11D Semipalmated Plover 7C-11A Pomarine Jaeger 7D-11C
Hudsonian Godwit 7A-11A Solitary Sandpiper 7B-9D White-rumped Sandpiper 7C-11B Forster’s Tern 7D-11B
Least Sandpiper 7A-10B Whimbrel 7B-10B Pectoral Sandpiper 7C-11B  
Ruff 7A-9A Ruddy Turnstone 7B-10C Red-necked Phalarope 7C-10C  
Short-billed Dowitcher 7A-9D Red Knot 7B-10D Parasitic Jaeger 7C-11A  
Black Tern 7A-9C Sanderling 7B-6A    
  Semipalmated Sandpiper 7B-10D    
  Stilt Sandpiper 7B-9D  

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8A 8B 8C 8D
Northern Shoveler 8A-12D Marbled Godwit 8B-10D American Wigeon 8C-12D Dunlin 8D-5D
King Rail 8A-10D Red Phalarope 8B-11C Surf Scoter 8C-5D Wilson’s Snipe 8D-11D
Caspian Tern 8A-10C Little Gull 8B-10D White-winged Scoter 8C-5D Lesser Black-backed Gull
  Sabine’s Gull 8B-10D Black Scoter 8C-5D Philadelphia Vireo 8D-10A
  Loggerhead Shrike 8B-10A American Golden Plover
Tennessee Warbler 8D-10A
  Dickcissel 8B-12D Western Sandpiper 8C-11A Northern Parula 8D-10B
    Baird’s Sandpiper 8C-10B Summer Tanager 8D-9C
    Buff-breasted Sandpiper
Nelson’s sharp-tailed sparrow
    Bonaparte’s Gull 8C-12D Yellow-headed Blackbird
    Yellow-bellied Flycatcher
    Cape May Warbler 8C-10C  
    Yellow-throated Warbler
    Bay-breasted Warbler 8C-9D  
    Prothonotary Warbler 8C-9B  
    Kentucky Warbler 8C-9C  
    Wilson’s Warbler 8C-9D  
    Yellow-breasted Chat 8C-10D  
    Lark Sparrow 8C-10C

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9A 9B 9C 9D
Common Loon 9A-5C Horned Grebe 9B-5C Red-throated Loon 9C-5C Northern Fulmar 9D-6B
Northern Gannet 9A-5C Greater Scaup 9B-5D Great Cormorant 9C-5A Lesser Scaup 9D-4D
Merlin 9A-5C Sharp-shinned Hawk 9B-10C Bufflehead 9C-5C Hooded Merganser 9D-4C
Red-headed Woodpecker 9A-10D Peregrine Falcon 9B-12C Clay-colored Sparrow
Black-legged Kittiwake
Western Kingbird 9A-11D Black-headed Gull 9B-5C Rusty Blackbird 9C-11A  
Palm Warbler 9A-11B Ruby-crowned Kinglet 9B-11A Eurasian Wigeon 9C-11D  
Connecticut Warbler
American Pipit 9B-11B    
  Orange-crowned Warbler
  Lincoln’s Sparrow 9B-10D    
  White-crowned Sparrow
  Blue Grosbeak 9B-10D  

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10A 10B 10C 10D
Red-necked Grebe 10A-4D Canvasback 10B-4D Pacific Loon 10C-5B Common Merganser 10D-4D
Snow Goose 10A-12B Common Goldeneye 10B-5B Redhead 10C-4B Northern Shrike 10D-4A
Brant 10A-5D Rough-legged Hawk
King Eider 10C-4C Snow Bunting 10D-3B
Ring-necked Duck 10A-5B Fox Sparrow 10B-11D Harlequin Duck 10C-4C Red Crossbill 10D-4C
Common Eider 10A-4C Lapland Longspur 10B-4A Golden Eagle 10C-2D  
Long-tailed Duck 10A-5C Evening Grosbeak 10B-4D Dovekie 10C-3D  
Red-breasted Merganser 10A-5D   Razorbill 10C-4B  
Ruddy Duck 10A-4C   Atlantic Puffin 10C-3D  
American Coot 10A-4A   Boreal Chickadee 10C-3C  
Purple Sandpiper 10A-5C   American Tree Sparrow
Pine Siskin 10A-4D   White-winged Crossbill

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11A 11B 11C 11D
Sandhill Crane 11A-4C Tundra Swan 11B-12D Glaucous Gull 11C-4D Common Redpoll 11D-4C
Snowy Owl 11A-4A Barrow’s Goldeneye
Common Murre 11C-3D  
Pine Grosbeak 11A-3C Gyrfalcon 11B-3D Thick-billed Murre 11C-3D  
  Iceland Gull 11B-5C    
  Black Guillemot
  Bohemian Waxwing

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Permanent Residents

Canada Goose Mute Swan American Black Duck Mallard
Bald Eagle Northern Harrier Cooper’s Hawk Northern Goshawk
Red-shouldered Hawk Red-tailed Hawk American Kestrel Ring-necked Pheasant
Ruffed Grouse Wild Turkey Northern Bobwhite Ring-billed Gull
Herring Gull Great Black-backed Gull Rock Dove Mourning Dove
Monk Parakeet Barn Owl Eastern Screech Owl Great Horned Owl
Barred Owl Long-eared Owl Short-eared Owl Northern Saw-whet Owl
Belted Kingfisher Red-bellied Woodpecker Downy Woodpecker Hairy Woodpecker
Northern Flicker Pileated Woodpecker Blue Jay American Crow
Fish Crow Common Raven Horned Lark Black-capped Chickadee
Tufted Titmouse Red-breasted Nuthatch White-breasted Nuthatch Brown Creeper
Carolina Wren Golden-crowned Kinglet Eastern Bluebird American Robin
Northern Mockingbird European Starling Cedar Waxwing Yellow-rumped Warbler
Savannah Sparrow Song Sparrow White-throated Sparrow Dark-eyed Junco
Northern Cardinal Eastern Meadowlark Purple Finch House Finch
American Goldfinch House Sparrow  

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